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As early as BC 4,500 BC, Egyptians used flowers, sesame oil, scented bark and resin. The hieroglyphs found in the temple of Edfu recorded that the priests used different essential oils to worship different gods. In Egypt, there are spices and religions. Close relationship, and therefore Egypt has a wealth of experience in the preservation of corpses, and is handed over to the priest. The medicinal use of herbs in China and the Qin Dynasty began in 2000 before treatment and religion. Vedas, India's oldest document, records up to 700 species of plant knowledge and has developed into the Indian Ayur Vedic system medicine, which has been passed down to the present day. The Jews fled from Egypt to Israel in 1240 BC, and they also spread knowledge of resin and essential oils, and then spread them throughout the Mediterranean. Greece learned about perfumery and natural healing from the Egyptians and then established the first medical school in the ancient city. The Greek philosopher Plutarch wrote the substance of aromatic oils to make people sleep quietly, relieve anxiety and have a dream. The Romans often used three aromatic forms: solid ointments, aromatic oils and perfumes, and were used extensively in daily life, bathing and massage, and spread throughout Arabia and Europe as the Roman Empire collapsed.
Most of the essential oil extraction methods are extracted by distillation. Distillation is the oldest and most commonly used method of extracting extracts from plants. It is the heating of aromatic plants with water or steam. If the plant material is rough, tough or woody, it needs to be crushed before distillation.
The pressing method is specially used to extract citrus fruits. The essential oil is stored in the small capsule on the surface of the peel. It can be extracted only by pressing. The life of the pressed oil is shorter than that of the distilled oil and needs to be stored in a dark and cool place.
The dissolution method is applied to plants containing low concentrations of essential oils or plants containing heavy resin components. Compared with the distillation method, the extracted material will contain a finer aromatic essence.
Modern "Aromatherapy" is to maintain and improve the health of body, mind and spirit through the use of pure essential oils. The word "aroma" is derived from the French "Aromatherapie", named after the French chemist Gattefosse. He immersed the burned hand in a lavender-filled vessel. Unexpectedly his wound disappeared and healed quickly. He began to study the therapeutic effects of essential oils. He used essential oils to treat wounds in the 1914-18 French War. After his research found that the essence oil was rubbed on the skin, the body took 30 minutes to 12 hours to absorb. The essential oils can be effectively used: massage, inhalation, bathing, bathing with hands and feet, soaking the buttocks, applying pressure, lavage, steaming, ointment, lotion and cream, and oral essential oils.
[All information is for reference only]